What is PAP SMEAR TEST, and why is regular screening important to detect Cervical Cancer?

After Breast Cancer, Cervical Cancer is the most common tumor in the female population.

Cervical cancer is a type of cancer that occurs in the cervix cells — the lower part of the uterus that connects to the vagina.

Various strains of the human papillomavirus (HPV), a sexually transmitted infection, play a role in causing most cervical cancer.

When exposed to HPV, the body’s immune system typically prevents the virus from harming. In a small percentage of people, however, the virus survives for years, contributing to the process that causes some cervical cells to become cancer cells.

You can reduce your risk of developing cervical cancer by having screening tests and receiving a vaccine that protects against HPV infection.

A PAP test is a screening method used to detect abnormal cells in the cervix that can be carcinogenic or potentially pre-cancerous. The test is done during the gynecological examination by taking a sample (swab) from the cells of the cervical surface by using a small brush. PAP test is a painless and straightforward method. It lasts short and is usually done as a part of a complete gynecological examination.

The test by itself has high specificity but low sensitivity; because of that, regular checkups are recommended on a standard base

If abnormal PAP test results are found, the patient will be referred for more detailed diagnostic methods.

 

Make your appointment today for the PAP SMWAR Test. Screening can help save lives.